Issues on Environmental Studies

KEIO SFC JOURNAL Vol.3 No.1 Issues on Environmental Studies

published on 2004.03

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  • A Study on the Modern Sukiya Architecture − An analysis on the works by the "Sukiya Architect": Sotoji Nakamura

    Wakako Sawada Doctoral Program, Graduate School of Media and Governance, Keio University

    When Japan opened its' country to the Western culture after the Meiji Restoration, the architecture industry was already highly systemized and qualified in terms of wooden construction and manufacturing of timber. In Japan, together with the main stream of the "architecture" industry in Western terms, there has always been another stream of architecture industry which survived through "modernization". The long search for their national identity, and the feudal structure of the tea culture, helped a specific field of traditional wooden architecture-Sukiya to regenerate in modern Japan. In this thesis, the art of modern Sukiya is studied through an analysis of works by a master carpenter of the Ura-Senke School of tea, Sotoji Nakamura, who is also known as the last "Sukiya architect" in Japan.

    Download this article (PDF): SFCJ3-01.pdf
  • The Evolution of Rehabilitation Policies for the Medina of Fez, Morocco − Spatial re-formation with policies for heritage to live in

    Kosuke Matsubara Doctoral Program, Graduate School of Media and Governance, Keio University Japan Society of the Promotion of Science

    The old city of Fez is a historic city that has been sustained and matured over a thousand years. Because the old city is not only a famous heritage site but also a city where people still live, preserving action should be combined with residential environment improvement. Referring to the original scene of historic environment of the old city, I consider the evolution of the rehabilitation policies since French protectorate. The principal actions today are conversion of historic monuments, making of street spaces and reorganization of housing.

    Download this article (PDF): SFCJ3-02.pdf
  • A Study on the Application of Vernacular Construction and Local Material in Northeast-Africa − A Study for the utilization of "Mud bricks" in Djibouti

    Makiko Ogusa Research Associate (non-tenured)(part-time), Graduate School of Media and Governance, Keio University

    This paper deals with the study on the application of vernacular construction and local material in the Horn of Africa. In this area, it is requested to upgrade housing conditions restricted by imported materials which disregard the problems of slum quarters. This study aims at developing construction system and building materials in order to attain economical, durable and environment-adaptable systems, as well as to examine its sustainability from the dynamical and technical point of view.

    Download this article (PDF): SFCJ3-03.pdf
  • The Hmong Adaptation and Strategy to Thai Legal System

    Senshu Yoshii Doctoral Program, Graduate School of Media and Governance, Keio University

    Highlander people migrated to Thailand after the eighteen century. During initial phases of their movement, Thai Government had adopted a non-interference policy. Since 1950's, Thai government policy toward highlander people has come to control and submit them by Thai legal systems. The purpose of this paper is to clarify Hmong's adaptation and strategy to Thai legal system. It transpires that informal conflict resolution by leadership of Hmong Society has varied.

  • Functionalism Approached Partnership for More Effective Environmental Protection − From the Danube Experience

    Hironobu Nakabayashi Doctoral Program, Graduate School of Media and Governance, Keio University

    The Danube is the only International River that runs from west to east. Because of that geographical character, the Danube historically has been harnessed under international joint control. Presently, International cooperation for the Danube River Protection and EU's Water Framework Directive offer "Umbrella" for protecting the Danube River Basin environment. This monograph considers these with international regime approach and examinating an actual situation. And finally, this monograph suggests functionalism approached partnership for more effective environmental protection.

    Download this article (PDF): SFCJ3-05.pdf
  • Developing GIS-Based Measurements of Urban Components for Urban Environmental Modeling

    Mizuki Kawabata Post-Doctoral Researcher, Center for Spatial Information Science, University of Tokyo
    Joseph Ferreira, Jr. Professor, Department of Urban Studies and Planning, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    This research constructs GIS-based measurements of urban components, demonstrating an application of GIS in the context of urban environmental modeling. It is conducted as part of NASA's multidisciplinary project that aims to model and monitor urban respiration. The measurements of urban components developed for Boston, a city in the U.S. Northeast, are combined into a grid cell matrix, which is then used for analyzing relationships between urban activities and atmospheric chemistry. By employing the grid-based approach and combining RDBMS and statistics software with GIS, we develop a flexible and repeatable modeling method that can readily be applied to other urban areas.

  • Design Concept for Network Community Based e-Government

    Takashi Kobayashi Chief, Information Policy Division, Yamato City Government Part-time Lecturer, Faculty of Environmental Information, Keio University

    The Internet has made it easy for an individual to express to public space. The individuals go into contributive activities by forming network communities with the background of a mutually shareable sense of human values. This research aims at showing the new design concept for a network community based e-Government by a literature search on a community and publicness and based on the social experiments of Yamato City, Kanagawa, Japan, which has a basic policy for accepting and creating network communities.

    Download this article (PDF): SFCJ3-07.pdf
  • Simulation of Bacterial Chemotaxis Using E-CELL System

    Yuri Matsuzaki Doctoral Program, Graduate School of Media and Governance, Keio University
    Masaru Tomita Professor, Faculty of Environmental Information, Keio University

    The chemotaxis pathway of Escherichia coli is among the most thoroughly studied cell signaling pathways to date. A number of models have been proposed in the past to explain the mechanisms by which this pathway controls E. coli swimming behavior. However, each modeling study employs different formalisms and simulation algorithms, making comparisons of their performance a non-trivial problem. Standardizing the simulation environment on which these models are implemented is important for reliable model comparisons. The E-Cell Simulation Environment (E-Cell SE) provides a flexible framework in which both deterministic and stochastic algorithms can be used to simulate models with either continuous or discrete variables. Utilizing the flexibility of this system, we are constructing a model library of E. coli chemotaxis on E-Cell System that allows comparative analysis of previously published models.

  • Delayed Promulgation of Treaties and Its Implications over Domestic Implementation: − Some perspective for identifying the relevance of international law within the domestic legal systems

    Jota Yamamoto Professor(non-tenured), Faculty of Policy Management, Keio University

    In light of their increasing interdependence, the question of how to best accommodate international treaties and domestic laws calls for further attention today. It is of essential importance to properly identify the needs and requirements for the part of domestic legal systems and apply the consequent effect to all the stages of treaty-negotiation and implementation. A number of issues have, however, still remained outside an exoteric scrutiny and been left to the discretion of professionals alone. The present article refers to the delayed promulgation of treaties and its implications, thereby exemplifies the agenda which requires an academic contribution not only from international lawyers but also from jurists of a domestic range.

    Download this article (PDF):SFCJ3-09.pdf